Human Ecology, Family, Nutrition, Health & Housing
MOBILE PAYMENTS - PROTECTING YOUR PRIVACY & SECURITY
Did you know that now you can use a smartphone, tablet, or other mobile devices to pay for some purchases? Mobile payments can be convenient – no need to write a check or to pull out your wallet for cash or plastic. No need to type in your payment information to buy something online. But are mobile payments safe? What about your privacy? Those are good questions to ask when you consider using any new technology. Because you usually carry your phone or other mobile device with you, it’s on most of the time, and it may contain very sensitive personal information, it’s especially important to keep it, and its contents, safe and secure, especially if you want to use it to make mobile payments or conduct other financial business.
Keep Your Information Safe:
CFA Mobile Payments from Consumer Federation of America on Vimeo.
Learn more at the Consumer Federation of America website.
NEW NUTRITION FACTS LABELS TO FEATURE ADDED SUGARS WITH DAILY VALUE
A line disclosing added sugars with a corresponding percent Daily Value on updated Nutrition Facts labels should help consumers reduce their risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.
The new Daily Value for added sugars on the revised labels will be 50 grams, or about 12 teaspoons—an amount representing 10 percent of the daily 2,000 calories recommended for many adults. Once the rules are implemented, the Nutrition Facts label on a 20-ounce bottle of Coke, for example, would likely show that it had 130 percent of the added sugars limit for a day. The new labels will help consumers looking at labels for things like yogurt, jams, or cereals know how much of the sugar comes from fruit or milk, and how much comes from high-fructose corn syrup or other added sugars.
Right now, it's impossible for consumers who look at a Nutrition Facts label to know how much of the sugar in foods is added and how that amount fits into a reasonable daily diet. Besides helping consumers make more informed choices, the new labels should also spur food manufacturers to add less sugar to their products.
The revision announced today represents the first comprehensive overhaul of the Nutrition Facts label since its appearance on packaged foods in 1994 as a result of the passage of the 1990 Nutrition Labeling and Education Act. Besides spearheading efforts to pass the NLEA, CSPI also petitioned the FDA to make the only other change to the labels since its inception —a line for trans fat that became mandatory in 2006. When the FDA first proposed revising Nutrition Facts labels in 2014, the proposal included a line—but no Daily Value—for added sugars. In comments on the proposed rule in August of 2014, CSPI argued that without a percent DV, consumers wouldn’t know how much of a day’s worth of added sugars a serving of a food contained. In July of 2015 the FDA proposed a Daily Value for added sugars.
The new Nutrition Facts labels also give more visual emphasis to calories and will no longer have a reference to “calories from fat,” reflecting the new understanding that saturated and trans fat increase the risk of heart disease, while polyunsaturated fats and oils can reduce that risk. The labels will make voluntary the declarations for vitamins A and C, of which most Americans get plenty, but declarations for potassium and vitamin D will be required. The new rule lowers the Daily Value for sodium slightly, from 2,400 mg per day to 2,300 mg per day (CSPI would have preferred a more protective Daily Value of 1,500 mg per day).
The FDA also adjusted some serving sizes to reflect amounts typically consumed. Thus, the serving size of ice cream will be two-thirds of a cup instead of half a cup and labels will show proportionately increased calories, saturated fat, added sugars, and so on. The serving size for soft drinks will increase from eight ounces to 12 ounces. The serving size for bagels, toaster pastries, and muffins (except English muffins) will increase from two to four ounces. And single-serving packages of foods that weigh up to (but not quite) twice the standard serving size will be considered just one serving. Hence, a 20-oz. bottle of soda will have to be labeled as one serving.
Center for Science in the Public Interest, May 20, 2016
DEER TICKS AND LYME DISEASE
The deer tick, also known as the black-legged tick, is the principal vector of Lyme disease in the northeastern and north central United States. Lyme disease is an illness caused by a spirochete (a corkscrew-shaped bacterium). The Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted primarily by the deer tick, which normally feeds on mice, deer, and other small and medium-sized mammals and birds. If a human is bitten by an infected tick and consequently infected with the spirochete, the individual may develop Lyme disease.
Research has shown that it usually takes 24 hours or more of feeding on a person for a nymphal-stage tick to transmit the spirochete. Adult ticks need to feed for 36 or more hours before transmitting the spirochete. Larval-stage ticks are not infected with the spirochete until they take a blood meal from an infected host animal, and thus do not transmit Lyme disease to humans.
How to prevent tick bites when hiking, hunting and camping - Ticks can spread disease, including Lyme disease. Protect yourself:
- Use insect repellent that contains 20-30% DEET.
- Wear clothing that has been treated with permethrin.
- Take a shower as soon as you can after coming indoors.
- Look for ticks on your body. Ticks can hide under the armpits, behind the knees, in the hair, and in the groin.
- Put your clothes in the dryer on high heat for 60 minutes to kill any remaining ticks.
How to remove a tick:
- If a tick is attached to you, use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick at the surface of your skin.
- Pull the tick straight up and out. Don’t twist or jerk the tick—this can cause the mouth parts to break off and stay in the skin. If this happens, remove the mouth parts with tweezers if you can. If not, leave them alone and let your skin heal.
- Clean the bite and your hands with rubbing alcohol, an iodine scrub, or soap and water.
- You may get a small bump or redness that goes away in 1-2 days, like a mosquito bite. This is not a sign that you have Lyme disease.
Note: Do not put hot matches, nail polish, or petroleum jelly on the tick to try to make it pull away from your skin.
If you remove a tick quickly (within 24 hours) you can greatly reduce your chances of getting Lyme disease.
When to see your doctor:
See a doctor if you develop a fever, a rash, severe fatigue, facial paralysis, or joint pain within 30 days of being bitten by a tick. Be sure to tell your doctor about your tick bite. If you have these symptoms and work where Lyme disease is common, it is important to get treatment right away. If you do not get treatment, you may later experience severe arthritis and problems with your nerves, spinal cord, brain, or heart.
Antibiotics are used to treat Lyme disease:
Your doctor will prescribe specific antibiotics, typically for 2-3 weeks. Most patients recover during this time. You may feel tired while you are recovering, even though the infection is cured. If you wait longer to seek treatment or take the wrong medicine, you may have symptoms that are more difficult to treat.
Looking ahead to recovery:
Take your antibiotics as recommended. Allow yourself plenty of rest. It may take time to feel better, just as it takes time to recover from other illnesses. Some people wonder if there is a test to confirm that they are cured. This is not possible. Your body remembers an infection long after it has been cured. Additional blood tests might be positive for months or years. Don’t let this alarm you. It doesn’t mean you are still infected.
Finally, practice prevention against tick bites. You can get Lyme disease again if you are bitten by another infected tick.
- Ticks and Lyme Disease Flyer.
- The Clinical Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Lyme Disease, Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis, and Babesiosis: Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/43/9/1089.full
- Tick Management Handbook (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven) http://www.ct.gov/caes/lib/caes/documents/special_features/tickhandbook.pdf
- For more information please contact Centers for Disease Control and Prevention1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333Telephone: 1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636)/TTY: 1-888-232-6348, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: www.cdc.gov.
- Handling Venison Safely Flyer.
CORNELL COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PROVIDES PRACTICAL EDUCATION AND INFORMATION to Delaware County residents about Nutrition, Food Safety, Home Food Preservation, Parenting Education, Financial Management, Housing and Water Quality, and Energy. We offer classes, fact sheets, answer consumer requests and contribute to the Extension Connection newsletter. We participate in research studies with Cornell University and Penn State and provide leadership for the Delaware County Cancer Coalition and the Delaware County Rural Healthcare Alliance. We help Delaware County residents of all ages make informed decisions related to food and nutrition, health, resource management, food safety, parenting, health care, energy education, indoor air quality and radon testing for homes. At the Delaware County Fair we promote home-based businesses and community service/education. Staff participate with Cornell and community partners to conduct research projects on issues related to obesity and breast cancer; making environmental changes at worksites and in communities to reduce obesity.