Agriculture & Natural Resources
HELP IN IDENTIFYING INVASIVE SPECIES
In recent years there has been an increase in awareness that introduced invasive species are having a significant impact on our economies, our environment, and our health. Many of the currently known invasive plants causing problems today were originally imported as ornamentals. Recent increases in global trade, including trade in ornamental plants, have created new opportunities for the spread of non-native species.
Cornell Cooperative Extension of Delaware County is working with the Catskill Regional Invasive Species Partnership to develop an early detection and rapid response system in the Catskill region. Research has shown that the best strategy to deal with invasive species is to identify and eradicate them before they become established. We urge people in our region to join us for this important task. The more eyes we have looking for these invaders, the better able we will be to deal with them quickly and effectively.Information and free identification services for potential early detection species is available at the Cornell Cooperative Extension of Delaware County.
If you suspect you have found a new invasive species, on your property or anywhere in the region, please contact us at 607-865-6531 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. If e-mailing photos, close ups are helpful with white or neutral background.
PDF: Drought and the Risk of Nitrate Toxicity in Forages
LINK: Drought Resources
When scouting corn fields in Northern Delaware County in 2012, we found one field with a significant armyworm infestation. The armyworms were mostly small, indicating that they have a long time left to feed. Other Cornell Cooperative Extension Field Crop Educators from the Finger Lakes and Capital areas have also reported armyworm activity this week.
Armyworms are a pest of corn and small grains, but in the past in Delaware County, early cut grass fields have been hardest hit.
A University of Missouri webpage states: in grass hay fields, larvae will begin feeding during the night time on lower plant tissue and spend the daylight hours in plant debris on the ground surface. As larvae grow in size, they will spend more time feeding during daylight hours and feeding on the upper tissues of the plant. The best time to scout for this pest is at dusk, dawn, or during the night.
Cornell’s fieldcrops.org web page states: Armyworms are occasionally a problem in corn, especially in weedy fields, in fields near severely infested small grain, and in no-tillage corn established in grain stubble or on grassy land. Armyworm moths are long-range migrants which arrive on the spring storms from their southern overwintering locations. While there are more than one generation per season of armyworms once they arrive, it is the first generation which causes economic losses in NY. Check fields regularly for ragged holes chewed from the leaf margins and pellet-like droppings (frass) in the whorls and scattered on the ground. The larvae will be found in the leaf whorls or at the surface of the soil.
You should scout early-cut hay fields and grassy corn fields NOW to asses any problems before major damage is done. Once the larvae get large and feeding aggressively, whole fields seem to disappear almost overnight.
If you find armyworms on your farm, give us a call, we would be glad to take a look or talk through your options.
The University of Illinois has an excellent web page with useful descriptions and pictures to help in identifying armyworms: http://extension.cropsci.illinois.edu/fieldcrops/insects/armyworm
Armyworm control recommendations for New York can be found here: http://fieldcrops.org/Corn/Pages/ManagingInsectsSlugsNematodes.aspx
DEWORMING BEFORE TURNOUT
PDF: Deworming before Turnout Makes Good $ense - April 2012
PDF: Mycotoxin Problems - June 2012
FLOOD RECOVERY INFORMATION
PDF: Dealing With Flooded Berry Fields
PDF: Dealing with Flooded Vegetable Fields
FOR INFORMATION REGARDING AGRICULTURE
On any scale, from backyard gardening to large-scale dairy – you’ll find our expert staff to be a helpful and knowledgeable resource.
CCE services include:
- one-one consultations with our professional staff
- workshops on dairy production precision feed management, field crop management, farm financial planning, workforce training, pesticide applicator training, and more
- programs for alternative agriculture, horticulture, forestry, natural resources, and water quality
- opportunities to participate in demonstration and research projects.